Blogs will save us.

Monday, April 20, 2015

Strip Clubs and Sexism in Craft Beer

There were a number of interesting subplots to the Craft Brewers Conference last week, but none more so than the attention lavished on Portland's famous strip clubs. And from old England to New England to Montreal, many women found it pretty offensive. Stan has a good round-up of some of the voices in that debate, but I wanted to add a local's perspective. As with so many things, the further away from a situation you are, the clearer the lines look. Up close, they're fuzzier.

1. Why so many strip clubs?
Oregon isn't a particularly libertine place (a majority of residents came from New England and the Midwest) and Portland, with its sapphire-blue politics, is pretty women-friendly, two facts that make strip clubs seem like a weird fit. And indeed, strip clubs have been controversial for decades. They exist because Oregon has one of the most liberal free-speech laws on the books. ("No law shall be passed restraining the free expression of opinion, or restricting the right to speak, write, or print freely on any subject whatever.") In two famous cases, limits on strip clubs came up before the Oregon Supreme Court (in 1982 and 2005) and both times the Court said strip clubs were protected by the Constitution. (It also means a rather liberal interpretation of "expression"--full nudity is Constitutionally kosher.)

2. Prudery, objectification, and agency
Portlanders have had all the strip club debates--often. When they are such a prominent fixture of your streets, you have to think through the thorny issues. Are strippers victims of patriarchy or third-wave feminists expressing their bodies naturally? If you see strippers as victims, you are obliquely asserting that they have no agency in the matter. This is one of those times when living far away may make things less clear. Once you know a stripper (as I have), it's not so easy to take the I-know-what's-best position. On the other hand, it's pretty clear why strip clubs exist. Not everyone who walks into a strip club is thinking about the wonderful celebration of women's rights they're about to experience.

3. Titillation for fun and profit
Oregonians have made our peace with them, but some percentage of visitors always turn into 16-year-old boys when they hear there are strip clubs here. Three years ago, I was gobsmacked to hear that Redhook was going to host a strip club crawl. "Beer and strip clubs?--partay!" By merely hosting the CBC in Portland, strip clubs were guaranteed to become an issue. Since Portland's strip clubs always magnetize people coming to the city, I suppose it was inevitable that they would play a starring role in the CBC. It seems crazy to associate your brand with an activity that will offend some decent proportion of your customer base, but it happens regularly.

4. Women, beer, and Portland
The beer world is overwhelming dominated by white men. It has a history of racism, bigotry, and rampant sexism. If you go to any beer geek event--like the CBC, say--you'll see an ocean of white, mostly male folk. Anyone who would like to see this world evolve has to take special steps to avoid making the same mistakes that have made it an exclusive club for so long. 

And here's where Portland and Oregon really have shined. We have a number of women brewers and this is where the Pink Boots Society was formed. If you walk into any pub in town, you'll see a pretty even distribution of men and women (all drinking, naturally, good Oregon beer). Women run some of the best pubs in town, write about beer, and even (until recently), talked about it on the radio. It's frustrating to think that people will walk away think Portland is this uniquely sexist city, when the picture's a lot brighter than that.

That said, if this whole strip club discussion got the brewing industry thinking more deeply about its own sexism and how to include women, I'm willing to have Portland take its lumps.

Sunday, April 19, 2015

Area Man Takes Pictures, Week of April 13

Craft Brewers Conference pics, in the Convention Center and around Portland.

The Hallertau Hop Queen.
New German hop varieties.

Rogue's John Maier (l) and Pelican's Darron Welch (r) at Saraveza
They were toasting Yorkshire's Samuel Smith's.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Correlation, Causation, and Culture (or, Don't Blame the Baptists)

Looking for the latest Hillary/Rubio politics news, I stumbled across this article in The Atlantic:
While observations abound about "the rise of America's craft breweries," the story has been very different on the state level. Vermont, for example, had one brewery for every 25,000 residents in 2012. Mississippi, meanwhile, had one for every 994,500. These aren't anomalous islands of booziness and temperance—they're exemplars of their regions. The nine states with the fewest breweries are all in the South. What is it about the region that might make this true?

In short, it's because of the Baptists. Steve Gohmann, a professor of economics at the University of Louisville, recently published a paper in Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice cataloguing the potent blend of regulation, religion, and corporate interest that makes the South less hospitable to small breweries.
I don't have access to the article (and I'm not paying six bucks to read it), but this is almost certainly wrong. It's one of those cases in which the correlations are incidental and depend on getting the right cluster of variables in play. Gohmann apparently undermines his own thesis by observing the dominance of locally-distilled spirits.
Even though the South doesn't have many breweries, it does have plenty of whiskey distilleries—Kentucky, Gohmann said, is the American capital of whiskey. What do Baptists, Methodists, and their votes have to say about that? "My results are less likely to apply right now because microdistilleries are not capturing that much of the market from the large producers," he says. 
Beer culture is bizarre and hard to explain. Had Gohmann looked at countries besides the US, he would have seen similar patterns--breweried regions next to non-breweried regions. Take Germany. In 2006 (the most recent numbers I could find and good enough for our purposes), Bavaria had 618 breweries, while neighboring Baden-Würtemburg had just 180.  Seven of the twelve states had fewer than 60 breweries (ten percent Bavaria's total). The Baptists at play again? (No.)

A big part of the riddle, I think, has to do with parochialism--or the degree to which parochialism is expressed through local breweries. When you look at German (or American) beer production figures, rather than just counting breweries, the picture changes. Bavaria drops to number two in production, and the other states don't trail by nearly the same margin. As Gohmann points out in the article (again undermining his thesis), Southerners drink a lot of beer. They just don't insist that it be brewed on a local 10-barrel system.

I'd love to know why some places have tons of breweries and some don't, but I doubt anyone will offer a plausible reason. We're talking culture here, and the variables are too numerous and, well, too varied to ever nail down.

But don't blame the Baptists.

Monday, April 13, 2015

Welcome to CBCers

As one citizen of Beervana, let me offer a warm welcome to all those traveling from across the country and world for the Craft Brewers Conference. I hope you have a wonderful time and enjoy your stay in the City of Roses (acceptable alternatives include Stumptown, Bridgetown, or Puddletown).

To help you feel right at home, I'd like to direct you to two posts: 1) some facts about Portland and its beer culture, and 2) recommendations for five local beers and five local pubs.

One thing I didn't mention was Portland weather, which in April can be 50 and rainy or 75 and sunny (occasionally on the same day). Fortunately, you're going to see the whole gamut.


Maybe I'll see you around town.  Enjoy--

Thursday, April 09, 2015

Public Events During the Craft Brewers Conference

Updated. One event was sold out, and I added another. Events may be somewhat fluid as the week unfolds, and I'll keep updating the post.

The Craft Brewers Conference (CBC) visits Portland next week. The official dates are April 14-17, Tues-Fri, but there are special events happening all week long. CBC has become a road show, stopping off in a new town each year, bringing more and more people as it grows. As a result, next week is going to be the biggest, baddest event ever (until next year). You are the lucky beneficiary of this traveling circus, and I want to highlight just a few of the events you might like to experience.

The Oregon Brewers Guild has the most comprehensive listing, so if you are a completist, have a look at that. What follows is a selective guide to the things I think look really special. (The CBC website also has a listing, but it blends private and public events, so beware.)

All Week
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. Cascade hosts two dozen sour-beer specialists from around the country (including Allagash, Crooked Stave, Jester King, Russian River, the Bruery). A special food station is also being set up.  April 14-18. 939 SE Belmont 3-11pm 
  •  Le Pigeon beer flights. "Le Pigeon will offer beer pairings to accompany their five and seven course chef’s tasting menus during the week of the CBC, from Monday, April 13th- Sunday, April 19th."  Reservations are available online or by calling the restaurant to book at (503) 546-8796. 738 E Burnside Street, Portland, Ore.
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). A pop-up bar that will be pouring beer from "Block 15, Breakside Brewery, The Bruery, Crux, Ex Novo Brewing, Founders Brewing, Gigantic Brewing, Laurelwood Brewing, Mill City, Pints, Oakshire Brewing, pFriem, Stone Brewing, Sun King, and many more." April 13-18 at the parking lot on the corner of Burnside and MLK.

Saturday, April 11
  • pFriem Bottle Release at Beermonger's. This is where you can get a bottle of that spectacular Flanders Red--along with seven other bottled pFriem beers. 1125 SE Division, #110, 6-9pm

Monday, April 13
  • Artisan brewers workshop with Karl Ockert. "Karl Ockert will be exploring and discussing the fundamentals of brewing ingredients and the brewhouse processes in a full day workshop perfect for the practicing brewer who wants more training and for those who are new to the craft." Lucky Lab, 1945 NW Quimby Street
  • Eastburn brewers dinner. "The East Burn is hosting a 7-course dinner featuring rare beers from Avery, Burnside, DC Brau, Firestone Walker, Flying Dog, Maui and Surly all paired with a creative menu driven by Chef Joseph Dougherty." 1800 East Burnside, 6-10pm
  • Victory brewing and brewmaster at Belmont Station. " Bill Covaleski, the founder and brewmaster of Victory Brewing Co. Enjoy a taste of Philly with the Italian Market food truck (on-site) and savor several special Victory beers on draft in the biercafe, plus bottles of Deep Cocoa Baltic Porter will be available for sale." 4500 SE Stark, 5-7pm
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)

Tuesday, April 14
  • Commons, Breakside, and Stone collaboration beers at Green Dragon. " Stone has collaborated with local breweries Commons & Breakside to create two luscious beers that you won’t be seeing for long. On top of that, Stone’s newest Spotlight Series ale will be making it’s premier – the illusive Imperial Mutt Brown Ale. Come by and down a few pints alongside the Stone crew!" 928 SE 9th Ave, 4-8pm
  • Deschutes Woody at Belmont Station. "When Deschutes’ ginormous beer-barrel shaped party-on-wheels rolls into town, you know it will be a good time. And Woody just got a makeover, with all kinds of shiny new features. This will be his Portland debut, so swing on by to see Woody in action! We will be pouring 8 different and very special Deschutes beers on draft and will even be handing out commemorative CBC/Deschutes/Belmont Station glassware (while supplies last)!" 4500 SE Stark, 5-7pm
  • Bell's After Dark at Belmont Station. "Come join Larry and some of his crew and enjoy several Bell’s beers on tap — a rarity in these parts for quite some time. We also will have bottles of Two Hearted Ale for sale in the bottle shop! Come by, enjoy some Bell’s beers, pick up a bottle of Two Hearted, and say hello to one of craft beer’s pioneers."  4500 SE Stark, 8-11pm
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. (ongoing)
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)

Wednesday, April 15
  • SoCal Breweries at Roscoe's"Join Roscoe's in welcoming the brewers of Southern California to the city of Portland! The taps will be taken over with beers that are unique and previously undistributed in Portland! It will also be a great opportunity to meet many of the breweries and brewery owners. Modern Times, Beachwood, Ballast Point Brewing & Spirits, Eagle Rock, Highland Park, Golden Road Brewing, Cismontane, Alpine Beer Company, Kinetic, The Bruery, Phantom Carriage, Green Flash, Monkish, Stone, and many more."  8105 SE Stark St, noon to close
  • Central Oregon Brews and Beats at the Crystal Ballroom. A DJ, live music, and beer from "Goodlife Brewing, Worthy Brewing, Sunriver Brewing, Deschutes Brewery, Mcmenamins OSF, Silver Moon Brewing, Bend Brewing Company, Wild Ride Brewing, Crux Fermentation Project, Three Creeks, Solstice and more!"  1332 W Burnside, 6pm on
  • Sam Smith's toast with American brewers at Saraveza. A tribute to venerable Yorkshire brewery Samuel Smith's, with lots of American brewers and their beers on hand, like Fal Allen (Anderson Valley), Garrett Oliver (Brooklyn), John Harris (Ecliptic), Jamie Floyd (Ninkasi), Darron Welch (Pelican), John Maier (Rogue). 1004 N Killingsworth St, 7pm on
  • Breakside collaborative brewers dinner at Ned Ludd. "This 5 course 10 beer pairing dinner of epic proportions features Jester King Brewery (Austin, TX), Melvin Brewing (Jackson, WY), Crooked Stave Artisan Beer (Denver, CO), Moody Tongue Brewing (Chicago, IL) and Breakside Brewery (Portland & Milwaukie, OR)." Elder Hall at Ned Ludd, 3929 NE MLK Jr Blvd, 6-10pm  
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. (ongoing)
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)

Thursday, April 16
  • Ecliptic and Dogfish Head Power Lunch. "Join Sam Calagione and John Harris for a Power Lunch at Ecliptic Brewing on Thursday the 16th at noon. The owners of both breweries with be pairing a 3 course lunch with a beer from both Dogfish Head and Ecliptic Brewing. Call 503.265.8002 or email eringrey@eclipticbrewing.com for tickets." Ecliptic Brewing, 825 N Cook St., noon
  • Boneyard and friends Beergasm at Green Dragon.  Participating breweries: 3 Floyds Brewing Co., Bagby Beer Company, Surly Brewing Co., Crooked Stave Artisan Beer Project, Hollister Brewing Company, Boneyard Beer, Almanac Beer Co., Rogue Ales, Fat Heads Brewery, Barley Browns Beer, Melvin Brewing, Ballast Point Brewing Company, Societe Brewing Company, Beavertown Brewing, Piece Brewing, Alpine Beer Company. 928 SE 9th, 5-10pm, tix: http://boneyardbeer.ticketleap.com/beergasm/
  • Beers of Enchantment (NM) at Beermongers. "We, along with Alebriated Distributing and Brewpublic, are very happy to showcase the fine beers being brewed in New Mexico. We’ll be featuring beers from La Cumbre, Marble and Santa Fe Brewing Company." 1125 SE Division St
  • OMSI + Ninkasi Space Dinner. "The evening will begin with a space science demonstration, followed by a 3-course dinner created by Bon Appetit’s Executive Chef and paired with delicious Ninkasi beers. The grand finale with be dessert served with the exclusive space beer, Ground Control, an Imperial Stout." 1945 SE Water Ave., 6-9pm
  • Allagash, Crooked Stave, and Crux at Hop and Vine. "On Thursday, April 16th The Hop & Vine is hosting Allagash Brewing CompanyCrooked Stave Artisan Beer Project, and Crux Fermentation Project. The evening will include special tappings from all three breweries as well as a collaboration bottle release between Crooked Stave and Crux" 1914 N Killingsworth St., 6pm on 
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. (ongoing)
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)

Friday April 17
  • Pioneers of Craft Beer at the Horse Brass.  "Breweries in attendance include: Ecliptic Brewing, Deschutes, Alaskan, Widmer, Anchor, Rogue, Sierra Nevada, Bridgeport, Hales, Pikes, Bells, Hair of the Dog, Full Sail, and Dogfish Head. We will also be welcoming some of the other pioneers of craft beer including like Tom Dalldorf from Celebrator magazine, Fred Eckhardt, and John Foyston." 4534 SE Belmont, 6-9pm
  • Experimental Hops at Apex. "try beers brewed with some new and experimental hops from the American Dwarf Hop Association (including Azacca, Jarrylo, Pekko, ADHA527, ADHA529, and ADHA484). Breweries showcasing beers brewed with these hops include Ecliptic Brewing, Bagby Beer Company, Bear Republic, Cigar City, Coppertail, 3 Floyds, Founders, Alameda, The Post Brewing Co., Stone, The Hop Concept, Wicked Weed, Victory, Phillips, OXBOW, Lagunitas, Iron Goat, Tributary, and The Unknown." 1216 SE Division, 2pm on 
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. (ongoing)
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)

Saturday, April 18
  • Beer and Donuts at Culmination Brewing. "join Oregon Breweries author Brian Yaeger and Culmination Brewing Company for a morning repast of a baker’s dozen doughnut samples and a baker’s dozen of the perkiest coffee beers. Admission includes a total of 13 3-oz beer samples, 13 gluttonous doughnut morsels, coffee, and also available for purchase will be breakfast sandwiches." 2117 NE Oregon, 10a-1pm
  • BeerAdvocate at Belmont Station. "Kill Kegs! Help kill Belmont Stations’s rare and one-off kegs with the Alström Bros and the rest of the BeerAdvocate crew. Meet the BA crew, BA mag contributors, beer media, and fellow BeerAdvocates." 4500 SE Stark, 2-5pm 
  • Sour and Wild Ale Invitational, Cascade Barrel House. (ongoing)
  • Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)
  • The Drinking Lot by Bailey's (MLK and Burnside). (Ongoing)


Sunday, April 19 
  •  Le Pigeon beer flights. (Ongoing)

Tuesday, April 07, 2015

Beer Sherpa Recommends: pFriem Flanders Red

There are two or three styles of beer Americans really have a hard time recreating: altbier, English bitter, and especially, the tart ales of Flanders. It's one of those styles that causes me to flinch when I see an American brew it--not only are American examples not particularly similar to Belgian ones, but they're often chemical/acid stews. I personally have never had an American version I thought was worth the name, though when I tweeted that information out, people tweeted back the names of some I haven't tried. Nevertheless, they're at best rare, rare birds, these good American Flanders reds.

I should say, I had never had a good American Flanders Red until last week, when I tried Josh pFriem's.  His just-released variation is absolutely sublime. I say "variation" because it's not a recreation of an existing beer, but it does bear the hallmarks of the Belgian approach: rich complexity but broad appeal. Classic examples like Rodenbach or Verhaeghe contains tons of flavor elements, but they're also immediately approachable to novices. I think that will be true of pFriem's Flander's red as well. It has a light acidity, bright cherry esters, and a gentle cosseting of natural sweetness. It's a tremendous beer.



Flanders reds are a product of age and wood. They can be made in a number of different ways--in old Belgium, each town had a different way of doing things--but the key to making them so well was aging them for months or years on wood. The complexity evolves when the various yeasts and bacteria interact over time. Here's brewmaster Rudi Ghequire describing Rodenbach's process:
"In our [process] we work with a yeast culture with eight different yeast strains and also a little bit of lactic bacterias.  During the first week, we have an alcoholic fermentation from the yeast cells, and after one week the lactic bacteria took it over during the lagering time.  During the lagering time we reduce the yeast cells in the beer by precipitation, and then we go with a nearly bright, young beer to the wood.  The big difference between spontaneous fermentation and mixed fermentation is with spontaneous you go with wort on wood and we go with young beer.  The beer has an alcoholic protection, so it is less risky."
Once it goes onto the wood--in the case of Rodenbach, in giant, ancient oak foeders--the Brettanomyces get to work. But the goal is not to produce that dry, leathery, sometimes funky quality we associate with lambic. Instead, the Brett makes those distinctive cherry esters that give Rodenbach its characteristic balsamic flavor. As Rudi says, Rodenbach has “a triangle of taste: sweetness, dryness, and acidity.” 

pFriem Flanders Red does not taste like Rodenbach, but it is also a product of time and wood. Josh pFriem ages the beer for two years in French pinot barrels from Burgundy. I think they may be responsible for at least some of the fruity notes. Unlike so many American Flanders Reds, though, pFriem's does not turn harsh in the barrels. It takes on a bit of acid, but retains a surprising amount of malt body and sweetness. While being quite different from Rodenbach, it expresses Ghequire's triad of sweetness, dryness, and acidity.  At the media rollout for these beers last week, Pfriem told me that the Flanders red "was why I got into brewing," and he offers a beer worthy of a life's pursuit.

pFriem's Flanders Red release is part of a huge bottle roll-out that also includes Pilsner, IPA, Blonde IPA, Belgian Strong Dark, Belgian Strong Blonde, Saison, and Flanders Blonde. (A drier, sharper beer than the red. There is no traditional "Flanders blonde," but inventing one is exactly what a Belgian would do.) Here's the full list of release dates by city (Eugene to Seattle).


pFriem's pub

_______________________
"Beer Sherpa Recommends" is an irregular feature.  In this fallen world, when the number of beers outnumber your woeful stomach capacity by several orders of magnitude, you risk exposing yourself to substandard beer.  Worse, you risk selecting substandard beer when there are tasty alternatives at hand.  In this terrible jungle of overabundance, wouldn't it be nice to have a neon sign pointing to the few beers among the crowd that really stand out?  A beer sherpa, if you will, to guide you to the beery mountaintop.  I don't profess to drink all the beers out there, but from time to time I stumble across a winner and when I do, I'll pass it along to you.

Sunday, April 05, 2015

A General Note to All Breweries

This is a bit random, but it's also long overdue. I get a fair number of packages from breweries (mostly containing beer, but not exclusively). Nothing like Brian Yaeger or Ezra Johnson-Greenough, but still, one every week or two. Of course, I love beer and love getting beery deliveries, but I hate the yards of plastic bubble wrap and drifts of styro peanuts that collect in the basement waiting recycling. Some breweries send me a single 12 oz beer in a box that could hold a case of wine--cossetted way too safely in a bed of earth-destroying packaging.

By an imperial mile, the best packaging in the industry comes from Deschutes, which has these dandy little boxes:


They hold three 12-ounce bottles firmly and without chance of breakage (barring natural disaster)--and without a single peanut. (They also have a version that holds a single 22-ounce bottle.) In fact, there's only once small piece of packing tape on the whole box, which holds the top flap down once it has been tucked inside the box.



Takes 12 seconds to open, and the whole shebang goes in the recycling. Other breweries take note!

(The Pinedrops IPA? Not for me. It's a bit of a throwback style, with aggressive bitterness that, because it's so piney, is a bit harsh. A touch of sweetness helps mitigate this, but it's still all a bit much. Give me a Fresh-Squeezed IPA instead.)

Thursday, April 02, 2015

Thanks to CBC, Portland Will Be Awash in Good Beer



Each April, an event known as the Craft Brewers Conference visits one lucky city. Thousands of beery types flow in, attending seminars that are mostly not interesting to the average beer fan ("How to Build a Brewery," "Best Practices in Brewery Date Coding," etc.). What is interesting, and the reason you should prepare your liver for a marathon of pub-going during the week of April 12-18, is that there are a ton of extremely cool events happening around town. For example:
  • The week of CBC, the Cascade Barrel House will have two bars and a food station on the production side of the brewery where they'll host "Sour Week," featuring wild ales from breweries across the country.
  • On April 15 from 2pm on, Gigantic hosts Gigantic and Friends at Apex Bar. They'll be pouring beers from Three Floyds, Solemn Oath, Lost Abbey, Beau’s All Natural, Sun King and Surly.
  • April 13-18, Breakside's Milwaukie brewery will be open from 11am - 8pm with " many of special barrel-aged, mixed culture, and library beers." The brewery is also releasing six collaboration beers with breweries from around the country (which will be pouring, along with collaborations from other national breweries, at the White Owl Social Club on April 16).
It goes on and on. Bailey's, Belmont Station, Roscoe's, Saraveza, and many more will be pouring special beers, A lot of this beer is not generally available in Portland, so it's an opportunity to travel around the country while staying right here in town.

Next week I'll try to post a complete(ish) list. (Email me at the_beerax(at)yahoo.com if you don't trust me to get your event on the list--and given my detail-herding skills, you shouldn't.) In the meantime, clear your calendar.

Wednesday, April 01, 2015

Willamette Valley Growers Working on Cannabis-Hop Hybrid

Okay, this isn't something you see every day. A group of Willamette Valley hop-growers are working on a hybrid plant containing both cannabis and humulus lupulus. Keep in mind that Washington state currently has recreational marijuana, and Oregon will have it as of next year. Keep further in mind that both hops and mary jane are members of the Cannabaceae family, so this may actually work:
Growers have been tinkering with hybridization in order to produce hops with lightly psychoactive properties as well as pleasant flavors and aromas. Gayle Goschie, one of the growers of the experimental plants, says they've had luck with a variety she calls Harlequin Cascade. "We picked a cannabis strain known for moderate THC levels and high CBDs to go with the classic Cascade hop. The flavor isn't quite right, but it produces a really mellow sensation."

Goschie has been working with Oakshire brewer Matt Van Wyk to figure out how the strain works in beer. In order to convert the psychoactive properties of the cannabis, the hops must be heated, but Van Wyk has found that the effect is best when the hops are added late in the boil. "For one thing, they're really potent--stanky, dank hops. You put them in at the beginning of the boil and it's like eating hash. You also lose some of the effect. The sweet spot is about five minutes before knockout. That's when you get the best effect--though they are still pretty dank."
Even though both alcohol and marijuana will be legal, it's not clear that the combo will be. (Remember the Four Loko debacle?) But hops take a long time to develop--up to ten years to get a new strain to market--but it sounds like this is experimental R & D. Hop growers are used to working with plants that never go to market. And this was funny:
Goschie admitted that she didn't ever expect to see the hops go into commercial beer. But she added, "there are a ton of homebrewers out there."
That there are.  Stay tuned.

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Two Odd Things

Odd Thing #1: Biggest Breweries List
Each year, the Brewers Association releases lists of the biggest US breweries--and today they put out the 2014 lists. The first one contains all breweries, the second one "craft breweries." But that second one is becoming increasingly bizarre and baroque. Let's just compare/contrast:
  • Craft Brewers Alliance, an association of three independent craft breweries with a minority stake by Anheuser-Busch, is not on the list.
  • The Belgian conglomerate Duvel Moortgat, owner of Boulevard and Ommegang, Gambrinus, an importer that owns a menagerie of beer companies, and North American Breweries, owned by--not making this up--Cerveceria Costa Rica, a subsidiary of Florida Ice and Farm Company, are all on the list.
  • Yuengling and August Schell are on the list--after years of being excluded.
  • Boston Beer, a giant company that makes Twisted Tea and Angry Orchard, is on the list.
The "craft brewers list" is nothing of the kind: it's a "Brewers Association list." I hope journalists completely ignore it when they talk about relative size and refer only to the list of all breweries. It's the only one that has any meaning whatsoever.

Odd Thing #2: Powdered Alcohol
A bill in the Oregon state legislature would ban powdered alcohol, which was recently approved by the FDA.  Apparently this is a thing, powedered alcohol. The company that brought it to market, is vigorously (but in my view not entirely effectively) fighting back. Their arguments include: 1) if you ban it, people will want it more; 2) once the black market gets going, you'll lose control of it; 3) don't waste precious government money fighting the black market!; 4) Alcohol is... well, this argument is so nakedly self-serving it deserves a quote in full.  "Alcohol misuse and abuse is a real problem. People can abuse any product and there's no controlling what a person does with a product. What's the solution? We know that you can't legislate behavior so banning Palcohol is not the solution. We have to educate people on the responsible use of alcohol."

I have no opinion on the matter except that the Palcohol company needs to hire a decent political strategist and communications director immediately.